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Economic News Release
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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-18-0998
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, June 14, 2018

Technical information: (202) 691-7101 * MXPinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/mxp
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                          U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - January 2020

Prices for U.S. imports increased 0.6 percent for the second consecutive month in May, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Rising fuel and nonfuel prices contributed to the advances in both months. 
U.S. export prices rose 0.6 percent for the second consecutive month in May. //XIMPIM ZUNI3 DCM Test 06212021//


Imports

All Imports: Import prices increased 0.6 percent in May, continuing the upward trend that began in August 
2017. The May advance followed a 0.6-percent rise the previous month. The price index for overall imports 
increased 4.3 percent for the year ended in May, the largest 12-month advance since the index rose 4.7 
percent in February 2017. The May over-the-year advance was largely driven by higher fuel prices although 
nonfuel prices also increased over the past year. 

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices rose 4.9 percent in May, after a 4.1-percent advance in April. The May 
rise was the largest monthly increase since the index rose 9.8 percent in November 2017. In May, the 
advance in fuel prices was led by a 5.9-percent increase in petroleum prices which more than offset a 19.5-
percent drop in natural gas prices. Prices for import fuel increased 28.6 percent over the past 12 months, 
driven by a 31.9-percent rise in petroleum prices. In contrast, natural gas prices fell 18.5 percent over the 
past year.   

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel import prices increased 0.2 percent for the second consecutive 
month in May and have not recorded a monthly decline since the index decreased 0.2 percent in December 
2017. The May advance was driven by higher prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; consumer 
goods; and foods, feeds, and beverages. The price indexes for capital goods and automotive vehicles both 
fell in May. Nonfuel prices advanced 1.9 percent over the past year, primarily led by higher prices for 
nonfuel industrial supplies and materials. 


Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2017

May

-0.1 -0.9 0.1 -0.6 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 -3.6 0.1 -0.1 -1.4 0.0

July

-0.2 -1.0 -0.1 0.5 1.8 0.3

August

0.6 4.0 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.7

September

0.8 5.7 0.3 0.8 -0.7 0.9

October

0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 2.0 -0.1

November

1.0 9.8 0.0 0.5 -0.7 0.7

December

0.2 3.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.0

2018

January

0.8 3.3 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.8

February

0.2 -1.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.2

March

-0.2 (r)-2.7 0.1 0.3 3.2 0.0

April

(r)0.6 (r)4.1 0.2 0.6 -1.2 0.7

May

0.6 4.9 0.2 0.6 1.6 0.5

May 2016 to 2017

2.3 20.4 0.9 1.4 -0.1 1.6

May 2017 to 2018

4.3 28.6 1.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports rose 0.6 percent for the second consecutive month in May, led by 
higher prices for both agricultural and nonagricultural exports. Export prices have not recorded a monthly 
decline since the index edged down 0.1 percent in June 2017. The price index for overall exports advanced 
4.9 percent between May 2017 and May 2018, the largest 12-month increase since the index rose 6.3 
percent in October 2011. 

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports advanced 1.6 percent in May following a 
1.2-percent decline the previous month. The May increase was driven by a 10.1-percent advance in wheat 
prices, a 4.4-percent rise in corn prices, and a 1.8-percent increase in soybean prices. Prices for agricultural 
exports also rose over the past 12 months, advancing 4.9 percent.  

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices advanced 0.5 percent in May and have 
not recorded a monthly drop since the index fell 0.1 percent in October 2017. The increase was driven by 
higher prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, although rising prices for capital goods 
and automotive vehicles also contributed to the May rise. Prices for overall nonagricultural exports 
increased 4.9 percent for the year ended in May. 



                                        SELECTED MAY HIGHLIGHTS


Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China ticked up 0.1 percent in May, after falling 
0.1 percent the previous month. Import prices from China advanced 0.3 percent over the past 12 months, the 
largest over-the-year increase since the index rose 0.3 percent in July 2014. The price index for imports 
from Japan ticked up 0.1 percent in May, the same advance as recorded in April. Prices for imports from 
Japan increased 0.2 percent over the past year. Import prices from Canada, the European Union, and Mexico 
all rose in May, led in part by rising fuel prices. Import prices from Canada increased 1.9 percent, from the 
European Union 0.4 percent, and from Mexico 0.3 percent. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices rose 0.8 
percent in May following a 0.6-percent advance the previous month. In May, higher prices for metals and 
selected building materials more than offset lower chemicals prices.  

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in May. Prices for capital goods and automotive 
vehicles each edged down 0.1 percent. The decline in capital goods prices was the first monthly drop since a 
0.1-percent decrease in November 2017. In contrast, prices for consumer goods ticked up 0.1 percent, led by 
higher prices for medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical materials.  

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices increased 0.4 percent in May, after 
falling 0.3 percent in April. Rising prices for fruit and grains were the largest contributors to the May 
advance. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 2.5 percent in May following a 2.8-percent 
rise in April. The May decrease was driven by lower European and Latin American/Caribbean fares which 
more than offset rising Asian fares. Despite the May decrease, import air passenger fares rose 1.2 percent 
over the past 12 months. The price index for import air freight advanced 1.6 percent in May and 18.2 
percent over the past year.  


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials advanced 1.6 percent in May, after rising 1.3 percent in April. Both increases were 
led by advancing fuel prices which rose 4.6 percent in May and 3.4 percent the previous month. 

Finished Goods: Export finished goods prices recorded little movement in May. Capital goods prices ticked 
up 0.1 percent following a 0.6-percent rise in April. Prices for capital goods have not recorded a monthly 
decline since the index edged down 0.1 percent in October 2016. The price index for export automotive 
vehicles also rose 0.1 percent in May. In contrast, consumer goods prices fell 0.1 percent.  

Transportation Services: The index for export air passenger fares fell 11.4 percent in May following a 
16.2-percent increase the previous month. The May decline was driven by lower Asian and European fares. 
Export air passenger fares advanced 9.3 percent for the year ended in May. Prices for export air freight rose 
0.7 percent in May and 3.0 percent over the past 12 months. 

Import and Export Price Index data for June are scheduled for release on Friday, July 13, 2018 at 8:30 a.m. 
(EDT).


                         New Locality of Destination and Terms of Trade Data 


Beginning with the August news release on September 14, the BLS will introduce two new data series. 
Locality of Destination price indexes will measure export prices based on the country or region where items 
are exported. Terms of Trade indexes are based on the country or region and measure the relative price of 
imports in terms of export prices and are defined as the all-export price index divided by the respective all-
import price index. For more information on Terms of Trade indexes, please see "U.S. Import and Export 
Prices and the Terms of Trade" at www.bls.gov/opub/btn/archive/us-import-and-export-price-indexes-and-
the-terms-of-trade.pdf. 

The Locality of Destination price indexes will be published at the all-export level and also include a 
breakdown by manufacturing industries and nonmanufacturing industries where possible. The countries and 
regions for which indexes will be published include the Industrialized Countries, the European Union, Latin 
America, the Pacific Rim, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, and Mexico. Indexes by manufacturing 
industries and nonmanufacturing industries will be available for all countries and regions except Canada and 
Germany. 

Terms of Trade indexes will be available for all countries and regions where both the import Locality of 
Origin index and the export Locality of Destination index are published. These include the Industrialized 
Countries, the European Union, Latin America, the Pacific Rim, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, and 
Mexico.

The data series for both the Locality of Destination price indexes and the Terms of Trade indexes will begin 
in December 2017 when the indexes are first published on September 14.

In addition to the new indexes, the numbering of the tables in the Import and Export Price Index news 
release will be changing. Tables 1 through 7 will remain the same, and the new Locality of Destination data 
will be in table 8 and the new Terms of Trade data will be in table 9. The current table for Selected 
Transportation Services will change from table 8 to table 10. Other formatting changes to the text of the 
news release will be made. An example of the new format and tables will be provided before the September 
14 release date.  


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

All commodities

  100.000 137.8 138.8 -2.2 -1.5 -2.3 -0.7 0.7

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  72.739 103.3 103.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  78.862 115.9 115.7 -0.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  77.902 120.3 120.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.163 170.1 168.5 -3.4 -0.8 -0.7 -1.0 -0.9

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.996 191.3 189.8 -3.2 -0.6 -0.9 -1.1 -0.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.167 122.3 120.5 -3.8 -1.5 0.1 -0.6 -1.5

Industrial supplies & materials

1

35.488 241.5 247.3 -6.3 -3.7 -5.8 -1.8 2.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.350 163.1 163.0 -6.5 -0.2 -1.1 -1.3 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.390 187.6 186.8 -4.5 0.0 -1.4 -1.8 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.857 175.0 174.2 -7.4 -0.7 -1.8 -1.0 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.534 149.1 149.6 -5.4 0.5 -0.2 -1.7 0.3

Fuels & lubricants

10

22.099 312.9 325.8 -7.4 -5.6 -8.3 -1.7 4.1

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

21.139 350.6 365.1 -6.4 -5.7 -8.7 -2.1 4.1

Crude

10000

16.019 361.4 374.0 -4.2 -4.9 -8.9 -2.5 3.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.660 87.7 92.7 -30.4 -3.1 5.7 10.2 5.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.554 73.7 78.7 -33.2 -3.8 7.9 12.5 6.8

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.606 113.9 113.2 -4.4 1.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.6

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

5.019 176.9 176.4 0.8 0.9 -0.8 -3.5 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.057 138.8 139.8 6.9 1.0 1.2 0.5 0.7

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.609 258.1 255.6 -15.6 -1.5 -3.6 -2.0 -1.0

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.573 162.1 161.4 -1.7 -0.4 -1.0 0.2 -0.4

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.526 114.5 114.2 -1.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3

Capital goods

2

22.753 93.2 93.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

2.959 119.3 119.3 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

18.101 86.1 86.0 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

1.693 134.0 134.0 6.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

11.893 114.8 114.8 1.4 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

24.703 107.5 107.2 0.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

11.884 114.8 114.7 1.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

11.495 99.6 99.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.324 118.3 115.4 1.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -2.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

All commodities

  100.000 132.2 133.4 -0.9 -0.5 -1.7 0.4 0.9

Agricultural commodities

  11.518 217.3 228.3 7.7 0.5 -3.5 6.3 5.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  81.196 102.1 102.1 -1.4 -0.2 -0.8 -0.4 0.0

Nonagricultural commodities

  88.483 126.1 126.6 -1.9 -0.6 -1.5 -0.3 0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

10.690 219.7 230.3 10.2 0.7 -3.0 6.8 4.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

9.967 223.2 234.6 10.7 0.8 -3.3 7.3 5.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.723 189.7 192.7 4.3 -1.6 1.0 -0.2 1.6

Industrial supplies & materials

1

33.418 177.6 180.1 -6.1 -1.8 -3.9 -0.4 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  12.083 182.3 181.2 -5.7 -0.7 -2.5 -0.7 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  21.334 175.9 180.2 -6.3 -2.4 -4.8 -0.2 2.4

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.551 188.8 198.1 -8.2 -1.7 -4.6 -0.2 4.9

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  31.867 177.4 179.6 -6.0 -1.9 -3.9 -0.4 1.2

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.115 249.9 261.5 -8.0 -4.7 -8.7 0.6 4.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

22.796 169.6 169.6 -5.6 -0.8 -2.3 -0.8 0.0

Selected building materials

13

0.956 118.5 118.7 2.9 -0.3 0.7 0.3 0.2

Capital goods

2

34.773 105.6 105.4 0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.558 113.3 113.7 -0.4 0.8 0.2 -0.9 0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.187 94.9 94.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

6.028 149.2 149.1 2.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

8.302 113.1 112.9 1.6 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.818 116.3 116.3 -0.8 0.5 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.956 114.7 114.8 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.420 114.6 114.5 1.3 1.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Nonmanufactured articles

  19.091 154.2 158.9 -6.4 -4.7 -7.8 -2.1 3.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.846 169.1 166.2 -5.9 -1.0 -1.9 -1.5 -1.7

Crop production

111

1.311 175.6 174.2 -4.2 -0.8 -2.4 -1.5 -0.8

Mining

21

17.245 152.4 157.8 -6.5 -5.1 -8.4 -2.1 3.5

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.334 143.5 143.6 -8.9 -0.2 -1.0 -0.3 0.1

Manufactured articles

  80.458 117.1 117.3 -1.0 -0.6 -0.7 -0.3 0.2

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

11.086 124.7 124.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3

Food manufacturing

311

3.083 158.6 157.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.5 -2.7 -0.7

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.859 111.3 111.3 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.410 101.4 101.4 - 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Textile product mills

314

0.888 115.8 115.8 -1.8 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.180 112.1 111.7 0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.665 119.5 119.6 4.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.921 135.8 138.1 -2.4 -1.9 -2.3 -0.7 1.7

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.643 117.5 118.7 9.4 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.0

Paper manufacturing

322

1.114 111.2 110.7 -1.9 0.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.404 158.3 168.6 -10.7 -8.0 -7.3 -0.1 6.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

8.881 133.8 133.9 0.5 0.4 -0.8 -1.3 0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.934 127.4 127.3 1.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.855 130.2 130.1 1.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

51.450 109.7 109.4 -0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.211 170.8 168.8 -13.3 -1.6 -3.3 -1.8 -1.2

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.607 129.7 129.5 1.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

5.745 120.9 120.8 1.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

15.769 82.2 82.1 -1.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.928 118.6 118.6 2.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

12.575 111.9 112.0 2.0 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.340 113.6 113.3 1.4 0.1 0.7 -0.4 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.276 122.2 121.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Nonmanufactured articles

  8.637 171.0 179.9 -0.1 0.1 -5.6 8.0 5.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

6.747 209.7 222.5 8.9 0.6 -5.8 10.1 6.1

Crop production

111

6.321 218.6 230.8 9.1 1.1 -6.3 11.0 5.6

Mining

21

1.890 94.9 96.7 -23.4 -1.5 -4.8 1.0 1.9

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.360 119.0 118.9 -20.3 -2.7 -2.0 -0.4 -0.1

Manufactured articles

  88.442 119.8 120.3 -0.6 -0.5 -1.2 -0.2 0.4

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

7.213 147.0 150.0 3.7 0.3 -0.3 0.1 2.0

Food manufacturing

311

5.036 168.4 172.3 5.7 0.4 -0.4 0.3 2.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.580 121.2 126.2 10.1 0.4 0.3 1.0 4.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

0.428 121.7 121.7 6.6 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

26.003 130.7 132.8 -2.4 -1.8 -3.2 -0.6 1.6

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.404 113.6 114.2 0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.852 119.4 119.7 -4.8 -1.2 0.5 0.4 0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.943 159.0 167.4 -3.5 -5.3 -9.1 0.4 5.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

14.842 129.0 129.9 -2.6 -0.8 -1.7 -1.2 0.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.197 117.3 117.3 2.0 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.765 112.5 112.4 2.0 0.0 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

55.225 112.9 112.6 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.719 167.8 165.5 -9.2 -1.4 -3.0 -0.6 -1.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.682 131.6 131.9 3.1 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.175 120.5 120.5 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.440 89.5 89.0 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 -0.6

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.221 111.9 112.1 -1.1 0.4 0.1 -0.8 0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

13.520 116.9 116.8 2.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.300 103.0 102.9 - 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.167 121.7 121.5 -2.2 1.0 0.2 -1.0 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Live animals; animal products

I

1.172 163.9 159.7 -4.8 -1.9 0.1 -0.6 -2.6

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.277 216.4 218.2 1.6 0.0 0.7 1.1 0.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.605 117.2 113.5 -9.8 -2.5 -0.3 -1.3 -3.2

Vegetable products

II

1.716 213.4 211.3 0.5 -1.0 -2.0 -3.4 -1.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.310 302.5 296.8 -5.7 0.2 0.9 -6.1 -1.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.473 116.8 114.2 -11.7 -4.2 -3.8 -0.8 -2.2

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.428 273.0 270.3 0.8 -1.5 -1.8 2.2 -1.0

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.254 127.3 127.3 -11.4 0.9 -4.7 -2.6 0.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.415 156.5 156.7 -0.8 0.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.1

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.177 80.4 83.2 -16.2 -1.2 -1.3 -4.9 3.5

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.234 127.7 128.0 0.3 0.2 -0.2 1.2 0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.352 170.5 170.1 4.7 -0.6 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.810 121.5 121.4 -0.3 0.5 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1

Mineral products

V

21.840 315.4 328.0 -7.2 -5.4 -8.1 -1.7 4.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

21.525 311.6 324.3 -7.1 -5.5 -8.2 -1.7 4.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.447 149.8 150.1 1.8 0.8 -0.3 -0.7 0.2

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.993 390.5 395.1 5.9 5.2 3.6 1.8 1.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.486 138.2 138.7 0.5 -0.2 -1.4 0.2 0.4

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.085 116.9 116.9 4.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.442 136.2 136.4 -8.5 6.7 -2.6 -12.6 0.1

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.183 103.1 102.8 - -0.7 -0.8 -2.1 -0.3

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2001=100)

33

0.424 124.9 124.9 -1.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.481 102.1 102.0 -5.3 -0.1 -1.2 -0.3 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.142 151.2 150.5 -1.2 -0.1 -0.5 -1.0 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.903 142.3 141.5 0.1 0.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.239 168.3 167.9 -3.2 -0.3 -0.8 -0.8 -0.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.600 126.3 126.3 3.5 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.551 127.1 127.1 3.9 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.677 142.4 143.8 9.7 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.216 113.7 113.4 -1.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Pulp wood, waste paper, and paperboard (Dec. 2011=100)

47

0.189 103.9 101.9 - 4.3 0.4 -0.1 -1.9

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.811 108.1 108.0 -1.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.331 115.4 115.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.067 106.3 105.7 -0.9 -0.6 -0.2 0.3 -0.6

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.964 118.1 117.8 1.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.642 108.4 108.4 -3.0 -0.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.365 119.0 119.1 4.7 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.161 118.0 118.2 4.6 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.774 132.2 132.1 1.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.249 125.8 125.7 2.8 0.2 0.6 0.3 -0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.232 142.1 142.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.293 127.1 126.8 2.0 0.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.300 198.6 195.5 -4.4 -1.4 -2.6 -0.3 -1.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.892 186.0 185.3 -8.2 -0.6 -1.6 -1.4 -0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.117 235.8 232.5 -11.4 0.3 -2.4 -2.4 -1.4

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.447 161.2 160.6 0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.2 -0.4

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.438 334.6 340.1 -18.9 -1.3 -4.0 -4.2 1.6

Nickel and articles thereof (Dec. 2009=100)

75

0.130 98.6 97.4 -26.7 -5.6 -3.3 -2.3 -1.2

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.698 134.9 133.4 -13.7 -1.8 -2.1 -2.0 -1.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.370 128.2 128.4 4.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.420 135.5 137.0 3.9 0.1 0.3 0.0 1.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

25.255 85.7 85.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

12.727 89.7 89.6 1.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

12.528 81.9 81.9 -1.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

10.485 116.2 116.3 1.5 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.666 115.3 115.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

0.723 118.7 118.7 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.287 104.5 103.9 -1.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.6

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.026 102.0 101.3 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.7

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.199 130.4 130.4 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.775 112.6 112.5 1.7 0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.013 116.4 116.1 1.6 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.554 105.0 105.1 1.7 0.3 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.208 136.5 136.5 2.6 -0.1 2.7 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Live animals; animal products

I

1.918 203.5 212.1 3.7 -1.0 0.0 0.3 4.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.147 166.9 166.3 1.6 0.3 -1.4 0.8 -0.4

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.431 207.6 211.5 5.8 -1.0 0.7 -0.1 1.9

Vegetable products

II

6.359 268.2 282.5 13.8 1.8 -5.3 11.1 5.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.855 136.1 133.5 0.6 -0.3 1.8 -2.4 -1.9

Cereals

10

2.407 310.2 339.4 12.6 -2.1 -5.8 17.4 9.4

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

2.479 305.0 321.4 21.9 4.4 -7.8 14.0 5.4

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.473 147.1 147.2 -8.1 1.6 -5.5 -0.7 0.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.776 159.3 167.3 10.9 0.6 0.5 1.0 5.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.327 111.5 112.3 2.7 0.4 -0.1 0.5 0.7

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.404 109.7 109.7 3.8 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.867 247.6 282.4 28.9 2.8 3.0 3.6 14.1

Mineral products

V

8.098 294.8 307.5 -8.8 -5.0 -8.0 -0.1 4.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.498 290.4 304.2 -8.8 -5.2 -8.4 -0.1 4.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

12.201 153.2 154.1 -1.0 -0.3 -0.4 -0.6 0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.014 185.6 185.7 -5.6 -0.4 -0.4 1.3 0.1

Organic chemicals

29

3.348 161.6 164.4 -3.2 -1.3 -1.7 -2.1 1.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.161 123.7 123.9 -1.7 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.765 135.8 136.0 1.6 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.470 123.1 123.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.778 153.0 152.8 1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.385 145.5 146.5 -4.6 -0.5 -3.1 -1.8 0.7

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.311 136.3 137.4 -4.2 -0.4 -3.0 -1.7 0.8

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.074 189.7 189.6 -6.1 -0.7 -3.6 -2.1 -0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.371 130.0 132.1 -2.8 0.9 -2.8 -0.1 1.6

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.547 110.0 110.0 1.3 -0.6 0.9 -0.3 0.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.330 117.7 115.9 -9.5 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 -1.5

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.638 124.4 116.4 -25.2 -0.9 0.0 -1.3 -6.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.232 116.6 117.2 -2.5 -1.4 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Printed material

49

0.460 121.6 121.6 2.1 0.1 -0.1 1.1 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.894 124.2 125.2 -10.4 -1.7 -3.1 -0.6 0.8

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.523 129.4 133.5 -32.2 -5.4 -11.1 -2.0 3.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.749 117.9 117.8 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.403 98.5 98.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

5.213 275.0 271.4 -5.8 -0.8 -1.5 -0.9 -1.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.489 171.8 171.6 -6.9 -0.3 -3.5 -0.6 -0.1

Iron and steel

72

1.611 202.0 203.3 -11.8 0.2 -6.9 -3.5 0.6

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.379 173.6 173.2 1.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.6 -0.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.647 246.0 242.1 -16.9 -1.7 -7.3 1.5 -1.6

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.817 123.7 123.2 -10.7 -1.0 -2.2 -1.0 -0.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.396 134.3 134.4 5.5 0.0 0.0 3.9 0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.342 145.8 145.8 7.4 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

27.787 97.0 96.7 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.180 110.6 110.4 1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.607 82.2 81.9 -1.7 0.2 -0.4 -0.7 -0.4

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

11.066 127.0 126.8 2.3 0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

7.315 113.2 113.0 2.4 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.838 105.9 105.9 0.3 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.358 110.4 110.3 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.701 120.0 119.8 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.523 91.2 91.1 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 130.1 130.8 -1.9 -0.1 -1.2 0.0 0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

11.689 208.9 216.0 -8.3 -2.4 -4.4 3.1 3.4

Manufactured articles

87.693 123.7 123.8 -1.0 0.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.1

Other Countries(3)

100.000 136.9 138.0 -2.2 -1.8 -2.7 -1.2 0.8

Nonmanufactured articles

23.780 324.0 333.5 -6.2 -5.2 -8.4 -3.9 2.9

Manufactured articles

75.875 110.7 110.8 -1.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.4 0.1

Canada

100.000 146.9 149.2 -5.0 -0.7 -1.9 -0.3 1.6

Nonmanufactured articles

27.716 197.3 204.1 -9.0 -2.8 -3.6 2.8 3.4

Manufactured articles

71.249 137.5 138.5 -3.5 0.1 -1.3 -1.3 0.7

European Union(4)

100.000 134.7 134.2 -1.7 -0.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4

Nonmanufactured articles

2.118 339.3 348.3 -5.3 -5.5 -10.7 -0.4 2.7

Manufactured articles

97.675 131.3 130.7 -1.7 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.5

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 120.6 120.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 114.5 114.0 -1.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 131.6 131.9 -1.6 -1.2 -2.1 -0.5 0.2

Latin America(5)

100.000 172.1 173.5 -3.3 -1.8 -4.2 -0.7 0.8

Nonmanufactured articles

33.434 348.4 355.9 -4.9 -4.9 -9.8 -1.6 2.2

Manufactured articles

66.126 133.2 133.4 -3.0 -0.1 -1.0 -0.3 0.2

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 142.6 142.8 -2.9 -1.3 -2.6 -0.5 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

19.730 183.9 187.7 -6.8 -5.4 -10.5 -2.5 2.1

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

80.270 95.0 94.7 -2.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 104.5 104.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 104.9 104.9 0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Japan

100.000 102.7 102.7 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 90.9 90.8 -1.2 -0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 104.9 104.4 -1.1 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1 -0.5

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 256.7 262.0 -3.8 -1.4 -7.9 -5.0 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative figures are based on 2010 trade values.
(2) Includes Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Includes Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) Includes European Union countries.
(5) Includes Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) Includes China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries. Includes Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2011 to August 2012
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2012(1)
Index Percent change
July
2012
Aug.
2012
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2011
to
Aug.
2012
Apr.
2012
to
May
2012
May
2012
to
June
2012
June
2012
to
July
2012
July
2012
to
Aug.
2012

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 176.1 173.3 -6.8 0.3 0.6 -1.4 -1.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.232 157.6 156.2 -13.5 1.3 -2.1 -2.7 -0.9

Asia

72.310 158.6 155.5 -4.8 0.1 1.6 -1.1 -2.0

Export Air Freight

100.000 145.0 143.3 -1.8 0.3 -1.7 -2.1 -1.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.284 131.3 130.0 -1.4 0.2 -1.8 -1.6 -1.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 158.8 156.6 -4.6 0.2 0.0 -1.7 -1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.881 140.9 139.3 -11.4 0.7 -3.1 -3.3 -1.1

Asia

64.757 145.4 142.9 -2.5 0.1 1.4 -1.3 -1.7

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 145.0 144.9 0.9 0.2 -0.9 -2.7 -0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.907 163.0 163.2 1.2 0.7 -1.1 -1.2 0.1

Asia

49.201 136.5 136.3 0.2 0.0 -0.7 -4.2 -0.1

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 193.4 182.7 2.5 0.6 10.3 -3.2 -5.5

Europe

40.191 206.6 190.1 3.9 -1.2 20.0 -7.1 -8.0

Asia

27.149 167.2 161.3 2.5 6.1 7.3 -1.2 -3.5

Latin America/Caribbean

11.370 176.1 172.5 -5.2 -6.0 1.7 1.3 -2.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 212.6 217.5 -2.2 6.6 2.1 4.8 2.3

Europe

28.222 256.8 243.5 -7.3 -0.7 13.7 1.1 -5.2

Asia

27.112 184.6 233.3 6.9 6.7 -0.2 3.2 26.4

Latin America/Caribbean

23.056 237.5 227.8 15.3 5.3 -2.5 6.0 -4.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2010 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                          TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using 
three classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While 
classification by end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for 
classifying items by industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output 
industry, not input industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing) include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The 
NAICS classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price 
Index) to produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and excluded 
from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data collected 
directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being 
priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further data 
revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision in 
the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).
 
Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp).  Flat Files and the FTP server are available for users requiring access 
to either a large volume of time series data or other related documentation. The FTP site can be accessed 
at ftp://ftp.bls.gov.   For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: August 03, 2021