Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
ATUS ATUS Program Links

Table 2. Workers with access to paid or unpaid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 2. Workers with access to paid or unpaid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total workers
(in thou-
sands)
Percent of workers with access to:
Paid leave(1) Unpaid leave(1) Paid or unpaid leave(1,2)
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know

Age

Total, 15 years and over

943,325 94.8 94.0 9.2 99.2 92.7 9.1 93.2 9.8 9.0

15 to 24 years

91,040 97.2 99.7 9.1 91.7 93.2 9.0 90.1 9.8 9.1

25 to 34 years

92,522 99.0 90.2 9.7 98.5 91.0 90.5 94.3 9.6 9.2

35 to 44 years

90,382 91.0 98.1 9.9 99.3 92.2 9.5 94.0 9.5 9.5

45 to 54 years

99,130 91.2 97.6 9.2 99.9 92.9 9.3 94.3 9.0 9.7

55 to 64 years

92,753 92.9 96.2 9.9 97.6 94.4 9.9 93.1 9.8 9.1

65 years and over

9,497 99.2 90.6 9.2 96.7 95.0 9.3 99.7 9.1 9.2

Sex

Men

95,594 96.4 92.7 9.9 99.1 93.5 9.4 93.4 9.2 9.4

Women

97,730 92.9 95.5 9.6 99.3 91.8 9.9 93.0 9.4 9.7

Race(3)

White

914,497 95.0 93.8 9.2 99.2 92.4 9.5 93.4 9.4 9.2

Black or African American

98,312 91.1 97.9 9.0 99.9 93.9 9.2 91.2 9.5 9.3

Asian

9,380 90.9 97.9 9.2 97.2 93.8 9.0 93.1 9.3 9.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(4)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93,573 99.1 99.0 9.9 96.8 96.3 9.9 98.2 9.1 9.7

Non-Hispanic or Latino

919,751 97.9 91.1 9.1 99.6 92.0 9.3 94.2 9.0 9.8

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,400 97.0 99.9 9.1 93.5 98.6 9.9 99.9 95.3 9.8

High school graduates, no college

91,623 92.3 96.6 9.1 93.4 92.4 9.2 92.3 9.6 9.1

Some college or associate degree

98,627 99.7 99.8 9.5 91.3 92.7 9.1 95.5 9.4 9.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

94,633 98.1 91.3 9.6 95.4 91.9 92.7 95.5 9.9 9.6

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

97,629 99.8 99.1 9.1 98.8 92.6 9.6 94.2 9.1 9.8

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,916 92.0 97.8 9.2 96.9 92.7 90.4 94.7 9.8 9.5

Parent of a child under 13 years

97,713 99.2 99.4 9.4 99.3 92.6 9.1 94.0 9.9 9.1

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

95,695 92.3 96.5 9.2 99.4 92.8 9.9 92.7 9.2 9.1

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91,697 92.0 97.4 9.7 97.9 93.1 9.0 96.9 9.1 9.9

Professional and related

97,333 95.1 94.2 9.7 95.3 93.4 91.3 93.7 9.2 9.1

Services

93,784 92.0 95.4 9.6 92.5 92.8 9.6 90.6 9.3 9.2

Sales and related

92,351 98.4 98.0 9.6 91.6 9.7 90.7 93.7 9.5 9.8

Office and administrative support

99,798 98.5 91.1 9.4 97.7 93.8 9.5 92.2 9.0 9.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,847 99.7 90.3 z 95.8 90.4 9.8 93.7 9.0 9.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,939 97.8 90.0 9.2 91.3 91.9 9.8 94.5 9.1 9.4

Production

9,001 98.5 90.9 9.5 91.2 95.5 9.3 91.2 9.6 9.2

Transportation and material moving

9,227 99.7 99.4 9.9 90.6 92.7 9.6 91.5 9.7 9.8

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction

9,697 95.2 94.8 z 92.9 93.3 9.8 93.5 9.4 9.2

Manufacturing

96,528 97.5 92.1 9.4 99.0 94.0 9.0 94.4 9.4 9.1

Wholesale and retail trade

99,014 91.0 96.4 9.7 94.5 9.7 9.8 95.0 9.5 9.5

Transportation and utilities

9,018 99.9 99.8 9.3 91.3 94.9 9.8 93.8 9.3 9.9

Information

9,666 93.4 96.6 z 95.8 94.3 99.9 95.0 9.5 9.5

Financial activities

90,616 95.2 93.6 9.3 96.0 92.3 91.7 93.2 9.8 9.0

Professional and business services

95,942 99.5 90.0 9.5 96.4 93.9 9.7 94.5 9.9 9.6

Education and health services

96,775 97.2 91.8 9.0 95.9 94.3 9.8 91.9 9.5 9.6

Leisure and hospitality

93,226 94.5 91.9 9.6 94.1 90.9 9.0 99.3 9.6 9.1

Other services

9,704 96.9 92.7 9.4 94.3 9.6 9.1 92.0 9.1 9.9

Public administration

9,886 98.8 90.6 9.6 98.0 95.1 9.9 97.1 9.7 9.3

Class of worker

Private sector

918,698 92.1 96.6 9.3 99.5 92.8 9.7 92.9 9.1 9.9

Private, for profit

906,193 91.4 97.2 9.4 90.0 92.4 9.6 92.8 9.2 9.0

Private, not for profit

92,505 98.1 91.7 9.1 95.1 95.9 9.0 94.2 9.1 9.7

Public sector

94,627 97.7 91.5 9.7 97.7 92.4 9.9 94.4 9.4 9.2

Federal government

9,415 98.4 91.6 z 93.2 93.2 9.6 98.9 9.8 9.3

State government

9,272 91.6 96.5 9.9 96.3 92.6 91.2 91.6 9.3 9.1

Local government

91,940 98.1 91.8 9.2 96.7 92.0 91.3 94.6 9.5 9.9

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(5)

Full-time workers

903,981 96.2 93.0 9.8 97.6 93.2 9.1 94.3 9.8 9.9

Part-time workers

96,249 94.1 92.7 9.2 94.7 91.0 9.3 99.1 9.4 9.5

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

94,145 93.4 95.3 9.3 99.8 93.4 9.8 98.4 9.1 9.5

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

96,817 98.4 90.6 9.0 97.7 94.0 9.3 95.6 9.1 9.3

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

96,532 93.4 96.1 9.5 96.9 91.5 91.6 95.8 9.1 9.1

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

96,486 97.6 92.0 9.4 96.4 93.9 9.6 96.7 9.3 9.9

Work schedule flexibility(6)

Had flexible schedule

90,286 93.6 94.9 9.5 92.4 90.3 9.3 94.8 9.4 9.8

Did not have flexible schedule

93,038 96.3 92.8 9.9 95.0 95.9 9.1 91.1 9.6 9.2

Workplace flexibility(7)

Could work at home

99,983 99.1 99.9 9.0 98.2 90.8 91.0 96.5 9.9 9.5

Could not work at home

903,080 99.3 99.4 9.2 99.6 93.5 9.9 91.9 9.0 9.1

(1) The subcategories do not sum to 100 percent because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
(2) Some workers have access to both paid and unpaid leave.
(3) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all races.
(4) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(5) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(6) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
(7) The subcategories do not sum to the total because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
z - Estimate is approximately zero.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 04, 2020