Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
ATUS ATUS Program Links

Table 1. Workers with access to paid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the periods 2011 and 2017-2018

Table 1. Workers with access to paid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the periods 2011 and 2017-2018
Characteristic Percent of workers with access to paid leave
2011(1) 2017-18(1) Change from 2011 to 2017-18
(percentage points)(2)
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know

Age

Total, 15 years and over

90.2 98.4 9.2 94.8 94.0 9.2 9.6 9.4 9.0

15 to 24 years

95.9 91.0 9.0 97.2 99.7 9.1 91.2 91.3 9.1

25 to 34 years

93.9 95.0 9.9 99.0 90.2 9.7 9.2 9.8 9.2

35 to 44 years

97.3 91.5 9.8 91.0 98.1 9.9 9.7 9.4 9.1

45 to 54 years

91.5 98.1 9.4 91.2 97.6 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.7

55 to 64 years

96.7 91.7 9.1 92.9 96.2 9.9 9.2 9.5 9.2

65 years and over

96.6 91.3 9.8 99.2 90.6 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.6

Sex

Men

91.9 96.9 9.0 96.4 92.7 9.9 9.5 9.2 9.1

Women

98.3 90.1 9.4 92.9 95.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.2

Race

White

90.2 98.5 9.2 95.0 93.8 9.2 9.8 9.7 9.0

Black or African American

90.9 97.9 9.0 91.1 97.9 9.0 9.2 9.0 9.0

Asian

94.8 94.1 9.2 90.9 97.9 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93.6 94.5 9.9 99.1 99.0 9.9 9.5 9.5 9.1

Non-Hispanic or Latino

92.8 95.9 9.0 97.9 91.1 9.1 9.1 9.9 9.0

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

95.0 93.8 9.2 97.0 99.9 9.1 9.0 9.9 9.9

High school graduates, no college

92.5 96.9 9.5 92.3 96.6 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.7

Some college or associate degree

98.0 90.8 9.9 99.7 99.8 9.5 9.7 9.0 9.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

94.1 94.6 9.0 98.1 91.3 9.6 9.0 9.3 9.4

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

95.0 94.2 9.7 99.8 99.1 9.1 9.8 9.1 9.5

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

98.1 91.6 9.3 92.0 97.8 9.2 9.9 9.8 9.1

Parent of a child under 13 years

94.2 94.8 9.8 99.2 99.4 9.4 9.0 9.4 9.6

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

97.7 90.6 9.4 92.3 96.5 9.2 9.5 9.1 9.2

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91.5 97.1 9.9 92.0 97.4 9.7 9.5 9.3 9.2

Professional and related

91.0 97.9 9.8 95.1 94.2 9.7 9.1 9.6 9.1

Services

96.0 92.0 9.0 92.0 95.4 9.6 9.0 9.6 9.6

Sales and related

96.0 90.6 9.3 98.4 98.0 9.6 92.4 92.6 9.3

Office and administrative support

96.4 92.7 9.6 98.5 91.1 9.4 9.1 9.6 9.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

97.0 92.6 9.4 99.7 90.3 z 9.7 9.3 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

91.1 98.7 9.1 97.8 90.0 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.1

Production

93.6 95.7 9.7 98.5 90.9 9.5 9.9 9.8 9.1

Transportation and material moving

98.7 90.6 9.5 99.7 99.4 9.9 -9.0 9.9 9.4

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

91.1 98.2 9.5 95.2 94.8 z 9.1 9.4 9.5

Manufacturing

93.8 95.3 9.8 97.5 92.1 9.4 9.7 9.2 9.4

Wholesale and retail trade

94.4 92.7 9.9 91.0 96.4 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.2

Transportation and utilities

93.1 96.4 z 99.9 99.8 9.3 9.1 9.4 9.3

Information

92.4 96.5 9.1 93.4 96.6 z 91.0 90.0 9.1

Financial activities

91.1 98.1 9.2 95.2 93.6 9.3 9.0 9.5 9.1

Professional and business services

99.1 99.5 9.4 99.5 90.0 9.5 90.5 -9.6 9.9

Education and health services

95.9 93.2 9.6 97.2 91.8 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.5

Leisure and hospitality

94.7 91.8 9.2 94.5 91.9 9.6 9.8 -9.9 9.3

Other services

93.4 96.3 9.2 96.9 92.7 9.4 9.4 9.6 9.2

Public administration

99.2 90.7 9.2 98.8 90.6 9.6 9.3 9.1 9.4

Class of worker

Private sector

96.8 91.7 9.3 92.1 96.6 9.3 9.3 9.1 9.0

Private, for profit

96.2 92.2 9.4 91.4 97.2 9.4 9.2 9.0 9.1

Private, not for profit

93.0 96.7 9.3 98.1 91.7 9.1 9.1 9.9 9.2

Public sector

96.1 93.1 9.7 97.7 91.5 9.7 9.7 9.5 9.0

Federal government

96.3 92.0 9.7 98.4 91.6 z 9.1 9.4 9.7

State government

95.3 94.2 9.5 91.6 96.5 9.9 9.7 9.3 9.4

Local government

93.1 96.0 9.6 98.1 91.8 9.2 9.0 9.2 9.4

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

92.7 96.2 9.9 96.2 93.0 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.1

Part-time workers

92.7 94.4 9.7 94.1 92.7 9.2 9.4 9.7 9.5

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

90.1 98.2 9.5 93.4 95.3 9.3 9.3 9.9 9.2

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

97.1 91.9 9.9 98.4 90.6 9.0 9.3 9.3 9.1

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

91.2 97.8 9.7 93.4 96.1 9.5 9.2 9.6 9.2

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

92.8 96.4 9.4 97.6 92.0 9.4 9.8 9.5 9.0

(1) The subcategories do not sum to 100 percent because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
(2) Changes were calculated using unrounded estimates for 2011 and 2017-18, and thus they sometimes differ from calculations based on the estimates shown in this table.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
z - Estimate is approximately zero.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 04, 2020