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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, September 15, 2021	USDL-xx-xxxx
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

			    STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2021

Job openings rates increased in 19 states, and decreased in 4 states, and was little changed in 27 states 
and the District of Columbia on the last business day of July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. The hires rates decreased in 14 states, and increased in 7 states, and was little changed in 
29 states and the District of Columbia. Total separations rates decreased in 6 states, and increased in 4 
states, and was little changed in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Nationally, the job openings rate 
increased; the hires and total separations rates were little changed. (See table A-E.)

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector for all states and the District of Columbia 

Job Openings

In July, job openings rates, increased in 19 states and decreased in 4 states. The largest increases in job 
openings rates occurred in Alaska (+3.5 percentage points), Wyoming (+2.2 points), Oregon, (+1.8 
points), New York (+1.8 points), and Maine (+1.8 points). The largest decreases in job openings rates 
occurred in Vermont (-1.9 percentage points), Rhode Island (-1.7 points), and Michigan (-1.3 points). 
The national job openings rate increased (+0.4 percentage point). (See table A.)

The number of job openings increased in 22 states and decreased in 4 states on the last business day of 
July. The largest increases occurred in New York (+189,000), Florida (+120,000), and Massachusetts 
(+66,000). The largest decreases in the job openings level occurred in Michigan (-63,000), Kentucky 
(-16,000), and Rhode Island (-9,000). Nationally, the number of job openings increased (+749,000). (See 
table A.)

Hires

In July, hires rates decreased in 14 states and increased in 7 states. The largest decreases were in 
Vermont (-6.8 percentage points), Rhode Island (-3.5 points), and Nevada (-2.1 points). The largest 
increases in the hires rates occurred in Alaska (+4.2 percentage points), Wyoming (+2.6 points), and 
Oklahoma (+1.2 points). The national hires rate was little changed. (See table B.)

The number of hires decreased in 12 states and increased in 6 states in July. The largest decreases 
occurred in North Carolina (-63,000), Ohio (-62,000), Kentucky (-37,000) and Michigan (-37,000). 
Increases in the number of hires occurred in Illinois (+69,000), New Jersey (+35,000), and Oklahoma 
(+20,000). Nationally, the number of hires was little changed. (See table B.)

Total Separations

In July, total separations rates decreased in 6 states and increased in 4 states. The decreases occurred in 
Minnesota (-0.7 percentage point), Mississippi (-0.7 point), New Jersey (-0.7 point), Georgia (-0.6 
point), Ohio (-0.5 point), and Virginia (-0.5 point). The increases in the total separations rate occurred in 
West Virginia (+0.9 percentage point), New York (+0.9 point), North Carolina (+0.7 point), and Illinois 
(+0.4 point). The national total separations rate was little changed over the month. (See table C.)

The number of total separations increased in 5 states and decreased in 5 states in July. The largest 
increases occurred in New York (+82,000), Florida (+41,000), and North Carolina (+33,000). The 
largest decreases in the total separations level occurred in New Jersey (-29,000), Ohio (-25,000), and 
Georgia (-24,000). Nationally, the number of total separations was little changed. (See table C.)
 
Quits

In July, quits rates increased in 10 states and decreased in 5 states. The largest increases in quits rates 
occurred in West Virginia (+0.7 percentage point), Vermont (+0.6 point), New York (+0.6 point), 
Oklahoma (+0.5 point), Michigan (+0.5 point), and Maine (+0.5 point). The largest quits rate declines 
occurred in Minnesota (-0.7 percentage point), Mississippi (-0.6 point), Georgia (-0.5 point), and New 
Jersey (-0.5 point). Over the month, the national quits rate was unchanged. (See table D.)

The number of quits increased in 8 states and decreased in 4 states in July. The largest increases in the 
quits level occurred in New York (+51,000), Florida (+40,000), and Michigan (+23,000). The number of 
quits decreased in Minnesota (-20,000), Georgia (-18,000), New Jersey (-18,000), and Mississippi 
(-7,000). Nationally, the number of quits was little changed. (See table D.)
 
Layoffs and Discharges

In July, layoffs and discharges rates increased in 9 states and decreased in 2 states. The layoffs and 
discharges rate increased in North Carolina (+0.7 percentage point), Alaska (+0.7 point), Hawaii 
(+0.6 point), Colorado (+0.6 point), and Utah (+0.5 point). The layoffs and discharges rates decreased in 
Maryland (-0.3 percentage point), and Ohio (-0.3 point). The national layoffs and discharges rate was 
little changed. (See table E.)

The number of layoffs and discharges increased in 9 states and decreased in 1 state in July. The number 
of layoffs and discharges increased in New York (+36,000), North Carolina (+29,000), and Colorado 
(+15,000). The layoffs and discharges level decreased in Ohio (-20,000). Nationally, the number of 
layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month. (See table E.)

For more information, please see the JOLTS interactive charts at https://blsmon1.bls.gov/charts/state-
job-openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  

____________	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey State estimates for August 2021 are scheduled to 
be released on Friday, October 22, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Table A: States with significant changes in job openings from Jun 2021 to Jul 2021, seasonally adjusted
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)       |               Rates                    
                       |---------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jun   | Jul    | Over-the-     |  Jun   |  Jul   |  Over-the-     
                       |  2021  | 2021(p)|month change(p)|  2021  | 2021(p)| month change(p)   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 10,185 | 10,934 |     749       |  6.5   |  6.9   |     0.4     
Alaska.................|     23 |     36 |      13       |  7.1   | 10.6   |     3.5      
Arizona................|    200 |    223 |      23       |  6.3   |  7.0   |     0.7      
Florida................|    574 |    694 |     120       |  6.2   |  7.3   |     1.1      
Hawaii.................|     37 |     48 |      11       |  6.1   |  7.6   |     1.5      
Idaho..................|     60 |     66 |       6       |  7.1   |  7.7   |     0.6      
Kansas.................|     75 |     84 |       9       |  5.2   |  5.7   |     0.5      
Kentucky...............|    182 |    166 |     -16       |  8.9   |  8.2   |    -0.7     
Maine..................|     43 |     56 |      13       |  6.5   |  8.3   |     1.8      
Maryland...............|    199 |    219 |      20       |  7.0   |  7.6   |     0.6      
Massachusetts..........|    226 |    292 |      66       |  6.1   |  7.7   |     1.6      
Michigan...............|    433 |    370 |     -63       |  9.5   |  8.2   |    -1.3     
Missouri...............|    168 |    191 |      23       |  5.6   |  6.3   |     0.7      
Montana................|     37 |     42 |       5       |  7.1   |  8.0   |     0.9      
Nebraska...............|     59 |     66 |       7       |  5.5   |  6.1   |     0.6*     
New York...............|    537 |    726 |     189       |  5.7   |  7.5   |     1.8      
Ohio...................|    332 |    379 |      47       |  5.9   |  6.6   |     0.7      
Oregon.................|    137 |    178 |      41       |  6.9   |  8.7   |     1.8      
Pennsylvania...........|    427 |    450 |      23       |  7.0   |  7.3   |     0.3*     
Rhode Island...........|     46 |     37 |      -9       |  8.9   |  7.2   |    -1.7     
South Dakota...........|     23 |     29 |       6       |  5.0   |  6.2   |     1.2      
Texas..................|    902 |    949 |      47       |  6.7   |  6.9   |     0.2*     
Utah...................|    105 |    134 |      29       |  6.2   |  7.7   |     1.5      
Vermont................|     23 |     17 |      -6       |  7.2   |  5.3   |    -1.9     
Virginia...............|    271 |    302 |      31       |  6.5   |  7.2   |     0.7      
Wisconsin..............|    208 |    232 |      24       |  6.8   |  7.4   |     0.6      
Wyoming................|     16 |     23 |       7       |  5.5   |  7.7   |     2.2      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant
    

Table B: States with significant changes in hires from Jun 2021 to Jul 2021, seasonally adjusted
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)       |               Rates                    
                       |---------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jun   | Jul    | Over-the-     |  Jun   |  Jul   |  Over-the-     
                       |  2021  | 2021(p)|month change(p)|  2021  | 2021(p)| month change(p)   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 6,827  | 6,667  |     -160      |  4.7   |  4.5   |    -0.2     
Alaska.................|     9  |    22  |       13      |  3.0   |  7.2   |     4.2      
Colorado...............|   151  |   132  |      -19      |  5.6   |  4.8   |    -0.8     
Connecticut............|    81  |    60  |      -21      |  5.1   |  3.7   |    -1.4  
Florida................|   394  |   426  |       32*     |  4.5   |  4.9   |     0.4      
Illinois...............|   293  |   362  |       69      |  5.1   |  6.2   |     1.1      
Indiana................|   178  |   157  |      -21      |  5.8   |  5.1   |    -0.7     
Iowa...................|    73  |    66  |       -7*     |  4.8   |  4.3   |    -0.5     
Kentucky...............|   143  |   106  |      -37      |  7.7   |  5.7   |    -2.0      
Maryland...............|   114  |   131  |       17      |  4.3   |  4.9   |     0.6      
Michigan...............|   258  |   221  |      -37      |  6.2   |  5.3   |    -0.9     
Mississippi............|    72  |    56  |      -16      |  6.4   |  4.9   |    -1.5     
Missouri...............|   151  |   123  |      -28      |  5.4   |  4.3   |    -1.1     
Nevada.................|   140  |   112  |      -28      | 10.5   |  8.4   |    -2.1     
New Jersey.............|   152  |   187  |       35      |  3.9   |  4.7   |     0.8      
North Carolina.........|   300  |   237  |      -63      |  6.7   |  5.2   |    -1.5     
Ohio...................|   286  |   224  |      -62      |  5.4   |  4.2   |    -1.2     
Oklahoma...............|    68  |    88  |       20      |  4.2   |  5.4   |     1.2      
Rhode Island...........|    39  |    23  |      -16      |  8.3   |  4.8   |    -3.5     
South Carolina.........|   120  |   108  |      -12*     |  5.7   |  5.0   |    -0.7     
Vermont................|    32  |    12  |      -20      | 10.8   |  4.0   |    -6.8     
Wyoming................|     8  |    15  |        7      |  2.9   |  5.5   |     2.6      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant


Table C: States with significant changes in total separations from Jun 2021 to Jul 2021, seasonally adjusted
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)       |               Rates                    
                       |---------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jun   | Jul    | Over-the-     |  Jun   |  Jul   |  Over-the-     
                       |  2021  | 2021(p)|month change(p)|  2021  | 2021(p)| month change(p)   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 5,612  | 5,786  |     174       |  3.8   |  3.9   |     0.1     
Florida................|   312  |   353  |      41       |  3.6   |  4.0   |     0.4*     
Georgia................|   268  |   244  |     -24       |  5.9   |  5.3   |    -0.6     
Illinois...............|   221  |   242  |      21*      |  3.8   |  4.2   |     0.4      
Maine..................|    26  |    31  |       5       |  4.2   |  5.0   |     0.8*     
Minnesota..............|   119  |   100  |     -19       |  4.2   |  3.5   |    -0.7     
Mississippi............|    51  |    43  |      -8       |  4.5   |  3.8   |    -0.7     
New Jersey.............|   162  |   133  |     -29       |  4.1   |  3.4   |    -0.7     
New York...............|   230  |   312  |      82       |  2.6   |  3.5   |     0.9      
North Carolina.........|   209  |   242  |      33       |  4.6   |  5.3   |     0.7      
Ohio...................|   232  |   207  |     -25       |  4.4   |  3.9   |    -0.5     
Virginia...............|   152  |   133  |     -19*      |  3.9   |  3.4   |    -0.5     
West Virginia..........|    27  |    33  |       6       |  3.9   |  4.8   |     0.9      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant


Table D: States with significant changes in quits from Jun 2021 to Jul 2021, seasonally adjusted
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)       |               Rates                    
                       |---------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jun   | Jul    | Over-the-     |  Jun   |  Jul   |  Over-the-     
                       |  2021  | 2021(p)|month change(p)|  2021  | 2021(p)| month change(p)   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 3,870  | 3,977  |     107       |  2.7   |  2.7   |     0.0            
California.............|   401  |   425  |      24*      |  2.4   |  2.6   |     0.2      
Florida................|   222  |   262  |      40       |  2.6   |  3.0   |     0.4      
Georgia................|   184  |   166  |     -18       |  4.1   |  3.6   |    -0.5     
Illinois...............|   163  |   176  |      13*      |  2.8   |  3.0   |     0.2      
Maine..................|    16  |    19  |       3       |  2.6   |  3.1   |     0.5      
Massachusetts..........|    66  |    77  |      11       |  1.9   |  2.2   |     0.3      
Michigan...............|   103  |   126  |      23       |  2.5   |  3.0   |     0.5      
Minnesota..............|    89  |    69  |     -20       |  3.1   |  2.4   |    -0.7     
Mississippi............|    36  |    29  |      -7       |  3.2   |  2.6   |    -0.6     
New Jersey.............|   102  |    84  |     -18       |  2.6   |  2.1   |    -0.5     
New York...............|   164  |   215  |      51       |  1.8   |  2.4   |     0.6      
Oklahoma...............|    45  |    54  |       9       |  2.8   |  3.3   |     0.5      
Vermont................|     7  |     9  |       2       |  2.4   |  3.0   |     0.6      
Virginia...............|   105  |    95  |     -10*      |  2.7   |  2.4   |    -0.3     
West Virginia..........|    18  |    23  |       5       |  2.6   |  3.3   |     0.7      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant
 

Table E: States with significant changes in layoffs and discharges from Jun 2021 to Jul 2021, seasonally adjusted
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)       |               Rates                    
                       |---------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jun   | Jul    | Over-the-     |  Jun   |  Jul   |  Over-the-     
                       |  2021  | 2021(p)|month change(p)|  2021  | 2021(p)| month change(p)   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 1,354  | 1,459  |     105       |  0.9   |  1.0   |     0.1     
Alabama................|    20  |    28  |       8       |  1.0   |  1.4   |     0.4      
Alaska.................|     4  |     6  |       2       |  1.3   |  2.0   |     0.7      
Arizona................|    16  |    26  |      10       |  0.5   |  0.9   |     0.4      
Colorado...............|    33  |    48  |      15       |  1.2   |  1.8   |     0.6      
Hawaii.................|     5  |     9  |       4       |  0.9   |  1.5   |     0.6      
Maryland...............|    28  |    20  |      -8*      |  1.1   |  0.8   |    -0.3     
Nevada.................|    22  |    28  |       6       |  1.7   |  2.1   |     0.4      
New York...............|    46  |    82  |      36       |  0.5   |  0.9   |     0.4      
North Carolina.........|    56  |    85  |      29       |  1.2   |  1.9   |     0.7      
Ohio...................|    82  |    62  |     -20       |  1.5   |  1.2   |    -0.3     
Utah...................|    15  |    22  |       7       |  0.9   |  1.4   |     0.5      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant

Technical Note

This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The JOLTS program 
provides information on labor demand and turnover. Additional information about the JOLTS program can be found at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/. Estimates are published for job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and total separations. 
The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well as civilian federal, state, and local government 
entities in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Industries are classified in accordance with the North American 
Industry Classification System. 

Definitions and Methodology (National/State). Shared definitions and procedures for National and State JOLTS Estimates 
can be found here: www.bls.gov/news.release/jolts.tn.htm.

Data Element Definitions

Employment. Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or received pay for the pay period that 
includes the 12th day of the reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, seasonal, salaried, and 
hourly employees are included, as are employees on paid vacation or other paid leave. Proprietors or partners of 
unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or employees on strike for the entire pay period, and employees 
on leave without pay for the entire pay period are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies, 
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by 
the establishment where they are working. JOLTS does not publish employment estimates but uses the reported 
employment for validation of the other reported data elements.

Job Openings. Job openings include all positions that are open on the last business day of the reference month.

A job is open only if it meets all three of these conditions: 
* A specific position exists and there is work available for that position. The position can be full-time or part-
time, and it can be permanent, short-term, or seasonal. 
* The job could start within 30 days, whether or not the employer can find a suitable candidate during that time. 
* The employer is actively recruiting workers from outside the establishment to fill the position. Active 
recruiting means that the establishment is taking steps to fill a position. It may include advertising in 
newspapers, on television, or on the radio; posting Internet notices, posting “help wanted” signs, 
networking or making “word-of-mouth” announcements; accepting applications; interviewing candidates; 
contacting employment agencies; or soliciting employees at job fairs, state or local employment offices, or 
similar sources.

Excluded are positions open only to internal transfers, promotions or demotions, or recall from layoffs. Also 
excluded are openings for positions with start dates more than 30 days in the future, positions for which employees 
have been hired but the employees have not yet reported for work, and positions to be filled by employees of 
temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is 
computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that 
quotient by 100.

Hires. Hires include all additions to the payroll during the entire reference month, including newly hired and 
rehired employees; full-time and part-time employees; permanent, short-term, and seasonal employees; employees 
who were recalled to a job at the location following a layoff (formal suspension from pay status) lasting more than 7 
days; on-call or intermittent employees who returned to work after having been formally separated; workers who 
were hired and separated during the month, and transfers from other locations. Excluded are transfers or promotions 
within the reporting location, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help agencies, employee 
leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of hires by 
employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Separations. Total Separations include all separations from the payroll during the entire reference month and is 
reported by type of separation:  quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits include employees who 
left voluntarily with the exception of retirements or transfers to other locations. Layoffs and discharges includes 
involuntary separations initiated by the employer including layoffs with no intent to rehire; layoffs (formal 
suspensions from pay status) lasting or expected to last more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, 
downsizing, or closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or short-term employees; 
and terminations of seasonal employees (whether or not they are expected to return the next season). Other 
separations include retirements, transfers to other locations, separations due to employee disability; and deaths. 
Excluded from other separations are transfers within the same location; employees on strike; employees of temporary 
help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The other separations component is 
not published for states due to its comparatively high error, and because it comprises less than 8% of total 
separations. The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of separations by employment and multiplying 
that quotient by 100. The quits and layoffs and discharges rates are computed similarly.

State Estimates Methodology

The JOLTS sample of 21,000 establishments does not directly support the production of sample based state estimates. 
However, state estimates have been produced by combining the available sample with model-based estimates. 

These estimates consist of four major estimating models; the Composite Regional model, the Synthetic model, the 
Composite Synthetic model, and the Extended Composite Synthetic model. The Composite Regional model uses JOLTS 
microdata, JOLTS regional published estimates, and Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment data. The Composite 
Synthetic model uses JOLTS microdata and Synthetic model estimates derived from monthly employment changes in 
microdata from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), and JOLTS published regional data. The Extended 
Composite Synthetic extends the Composite Synthetic estimates by ratio-adjusting the Composite Synthetic by the 
ratio of the current Composite Regional model estimate to the Composite Regional model estimate from one year ago. 

The Extended Composite Synthetic model (and its major component—the Composite Regional model) is used to extend 
the Composite Synthetic estimates because all of the inputs required by this model are available at the time 
monthly estimate are produced. In contrast, the Composite Synthetic model (and its major component—the Synthetic 
model) can only be produced when the latest QCEW data are available. The current model uses the Extended Composite 
Synthetic model estimates to extend the Composite Synthetic model estimates during the annual JOLTS re-tabulation 
process. The extension of the Composite Synthetic model using current data-based Composite Regional model estimates 
will ensure that the Composite Synthetic model estimates reflect current economic trends. 

The Composite Regional model calculates state-level JOLTS estimates from JOLTS microdata using sample weights, and 
the adjustments for non-response (NRAF). The Composite Regional estimate is then benchmarked to CES state-supersector 
employment to produce state-supersector estimates. The JOLTS sample, by itself, cannot ensure a reasonably sized 
sample for each state-supersector cell. The small JOLTS sample results in quite a number of state-supersector cells 
that lack enough data to produce a reasonable estimate. To overcome this issue, the state-level estimates derived 
directly from the JOLTS sample are augmented using JOLTS regional estimates when the number of respondents is low 
(that is, less than 30). This approach is known as a composite estimate which leverages the small JOLTS sample 
to the greatest extent possible and supplements that with a model-based estimate. 

In this approach, the JOLTS microdata-based estimate is used, without model augmentation, in all state-supersector 
cells that have 30 or more respondents. The JOLTS regional estimate will be used, without a sample-based component, 
in all state-supersector cells that have fewer than five respondents. In all state-supersector cells with 5–30 
respondents an estimate is calculated that is a composition of a weighted estimate of the microdata-based estimate 
and a weighted estimate of the JOLTS regional estimate. The weight assigned to the JOLTS data in those cells is 
proportional the number of JOLTS respondents in the cell (weight=n/30, where n is the number of respondents). 

Benchmarking. The JOLTS State estimates utilize and leverage data from three BLS programs; JOLTS, CES, and QCEW. 
These experimental state estimates are published as a historical series comprised of an historical annually 
revised benchmark component for the Composite Synthetic model and a current component Extended Composite Synthetic 
model which provides monthly "real-time" estimates between lagged benchmarks.

Seasonal adjustment. BLS uses X-13 ARIMA for seasonal adjustment. A concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology 
is used in which new seasonal adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and 
including current month data. JOLTS state seasonal adjustment includes both additive and multiplicative models 
and REGARIMA (regression with auto-correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors at the 
beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for outliers in the series. The seasonally adjusted CES 
over-the-month employment trends are applied to the seasonally adjusted JOLTS state implied employment trends 
(hires minus separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the seasonality of the 
JOLTS data.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. Sampling error occurs when a sample is 
surveyed rather than the entire population. There is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true 
population values they represent. The difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample 
selected. This variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS analysis is generally conducted 
at the 90-percent level of confidence. That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that 
an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because 
of sampling error. Sampling error estimates are available at www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons including: 
the failure to include a segment of the population; the inability to obtain data from all units in the sample; 
the inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide data on a timely basis; mistakes made by respondents; 
errors made in the collection or processing of the data; and errors from the employment benchmark data used in 
estimation.

The JOLTS State variance estimates account for both sampling error and the error attributable to modeling. A small 
area domain model uses a Bayesian model to develop estimates of JOLTS State variance. The small area model uses QCEW-
based JOLTS synthetic model data to generate a Bayesian prior distribution, then updates the prior distribution using 
JOLTS microdata and sample-based variance estimates at the State and US Census Regional level to generate a Bayesian 
posterior distribution. Once the Bayesian posterior distribution has been generated, an estimate of JOLTS State variance 
estimates is made by drawing 2,500 estimates from the Bayesian posterior distribution. This Bayesian approach thus 
indirectly accounts for sampling error and directly for model error.

Other information

Detailed information the JOLTS State methodology can be found at:   

www.bls.gov/jlt/jlt_statedata_methodology.htm

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,717 7,526 9,483 10,185 10,934 4.6 5.0 6.1 6.5 6.9


Alabama

102 117 136 141 134 5.0 5.5 6.3 6.5 6.2

Alaska

19 24 16 23 36 6.2 7.3 5.0 7.1 10.6

Arizona

138 174 201 197 223 4.7 5.7 6.5 6.3 7.0

Arkansas

57 66 77 76 83 4.4 5.0 5.7 5.7 6.1

California

734 724 911 988 1,059 4.5 4.3 5.3 5.7 6.0

Colorado

109 139 197 210 240 4.0 5.0 6.8 7.2 8.1

Connecticut

59 76 104 106 104 3.7 4.6 6.1 6.2 6.1

Delaware

22 23 30 36 35 4.8 4.9 6.3 7.5 7.2

District of Columbia

36 30 28 40 42 4.7 3.9 3.6 5.1 5.3

Florida

387 451 570 568 694 4.4 5.0 6.2 6.1 7.3

Georgia

248 281 357 362 374 5.4 5.9 7.4 7.4 7.6

Hawaii

25 25 39 34 48 4.5 4.4 6.5 5.6 7.6

Idaho

38 43 55 56 66 4.8 5.2 6.6 6.6 7.7

Illinois

257 251 304 386 417 4.4 4.2 5.0 6.3 6.7

Indiana

149 154 237 233 219 4.8 4.8 7.3 7.1 6.7

Iowa

72 77 82 90 96 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.6 5.9

Kansas

66 74 76 78 84 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.7

Kentucky

100 110 135 181 166 5.2 5.6 6.7 8.8 8.2

Louisiana

91 105 107 127 132 4.8 5.4 5.5 6.5 6.7

Maine

26 34 41 43 56 4.3 5.3 6.3 6.5 8.3

Maryland

155 161 192 196 219 5.8 5.8 6.8 6.9 7.6

Massachusetts

156 171 222 226 292 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.1 7.7

Michigan

238 252 381 420 370 5.6 5.8 8.5 9.2 8.2

Minnesota

132 130 155 185 192 4.6 4.5 5.2 6.1 6.3

Mississippi

57 66 84 80 84 4.9 5.6 7.0 6.6 6.9

Missouri

141 145 156 172 191 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.7 6.3

Montana

24 30 39 35 42 4.9 5.9 7.5 6.8 8.0

Nebraska

51 55 53 58 66 5.0 5.2 5.0 5.4 6.1

Nevada

81 79 104 157 151 6.2 5.8 7.3 10.5 10.2

New Hampshire

32 42 55 58 55 4.9 6.0 7.7 8.1 7.7

New Jersey

191 228 240 278 289 4.9 5.6 5.8 6.6 6.8

New Mexico

36 46 49 54 59 4.4 5.5 5.8 6.3 6.8

New York

403 397 492 543 726 4.6 4.3 5.2 5.8 7.5

North Carolina

219 280 281 352 339 4.8 5.9 5.9 7.3 6.9

North Dakota

18 21 28 26 26 4.3 4.8 6.3 5.9 5.9

Ohio

241 281 305 330 379 4.4 5.0 5.5 5.8 6.6

Oklahoma

83 91 101 119 107 4.9 5.3 5.8 6.8 6.2

Oregon

95 114 119 138 178 5.0 5.9 6.0 6.9 8.7

Pennsylvania

267 304 448 440 450 4.6 5.1 7.3 7.2 7.3

Rhode Island

21 26 34 46 37 4.5 5.3 6.8 8.9 7.2

South Carolina

102 130 168 161 172 4.8 5.8 7.4 7.1 7.4

South Dakota

20 24 22 23 29 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.0 6.2

Tennessee

144 160 188 209 218 4.7 5.0 5.8 6.3 6.6

Texas

456 610 792 891 949 3.7 4.7 5.9 6.6 6.9

Utah

64 85 105 102 134 4.0 5.1 6.2 6.0 7.7

Vermont

7 16 24 21 17 2.5 5.3 7.6 6.6 5.3

Virginia

194 243 246 267 302 4.9 5.9 5.9 6.4 7.2

Washington

118 167 167 228 237 3.5 4.8 4.7 6.3 6.5

West Virginia

48 48 53 59 63 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.9 8.4

Wisconsin

175 130 191 208 232 5.9 4.4 6.3 6.8 7.4

Wyoming

13 18 14 16 23 4.7 6.2 4.9 5.6 7.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,237 5,794 6,022 6,827 6,667 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.7 4.5


Alabama

84 87 92 95 95 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.7

Alaska

19 19 10 9 22 6.6 6.2 3.3 3.0 7.2

Arizona

104 122 125 124 129 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.3

Arkansas

52 55 58 58 60 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.7

California

684 591 627 610 613 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7

Colorado

115 117 145 145 132 4.4 4.4 5.4 5.3 4.8

Connecticut

62 60 63 78 60 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.9 3.7

Delaware

22 20 20 25 24 5.1 4.5 4.5 5.6 5.3

District of Columbia

26 20 18 19 24 3.6 2.7 2.4 2.5 3.2

Florida

322 332 385 382 426 3.8 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.9

Georgia

202 206 217 242 245 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.4 5.4

Hawaii

23 18 32 26 26 4.3 3.3 5.7 4.6 4.5

Idaho

40 38 39 41 43 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4

Illinois

247 247 222 278 362 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.8 6.2

Indiana

137 133 190 181 157 4.6 4.4 6.3 5.9 5.1

Iowa

66 64 62 74 66 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.9 4.3

Kansas

52 51 44 71 61 3.9 3.7 3.2 5.2 4.4

Kentucky

90 88 86 142 106 5.0 4.7 4.6 7.6 5.7

Louisiana

80 80 97 94 91 4.5 4.4 5.3 5.1 4.9

Maine

26 27 17 25 25 4.5 4.5 2.8 4.1 4.0

Maryland

106 78 96 123 131 4.2 3.0 3.6 4.7 4.9

Massachusetts

135 123 130 146 142 4.2 3.6 3.8 4.2 4.1

Michigan

226 211 192 259 221 5.7 5.1 4.7 6.3 5.3

Minnesota

97 94 75 122 115 3.6 3.4 2.7 4.3 4.0

Mississippi

53 46 62 75 56 4.8 4.1 5.5 6.6 4.9

Missouri

120 109 102 160 123 4.4 3.9 3.6 5.7 4.3

Montana

25 24 28 24 27 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.0 5.6

Nebraska

41 43 33 45 45 4.2 4.3 3.3 4.5 4.4

Nevada

87 62 90 137 112 7.0 4.8 6.8 10.3 8.4

New Hampshire

26 28 28 31 31 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.7

New Jersey

248 163 129 140 187 6.7 4.2 3.3 3.6 4.7

New Mexico

32 33 31 35 39 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.4 4.8

New York

344 289 253 291 325 4.1 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.6

North Carolina

273 230 230 297 237 6.3 5.2 5.2 6.6 5.2

North Dakota

17 19 21 20 20 4.2 4.6 5.0 4.8 4.8

Ohio

219 211 187 286 224 4.2 4.0 3.5 5.4 4.2

Oklahoma

67 63 75 70 88 4.2 3.9 4.6 4.3 5.4

Oregon

94 82 81 92 95 5.2 4.5 4.4 5.0 5.1

Pennsylvania

270 242 189 197 198 4.9 4.3 3.3 3.5 3.5

Rhode Island

23 22 25 38 23 5.1 4.7 5.3 8.1 4.8

South Carolina

92 92 110 119 108 4.5 4.4 5.2 5.6 5.0

South Dakota

17 18 16 20 21 4.1 4.2 3.7 4.6 4.8

Tennessee

151 122 147 142 159 5.1 4.0 4.8 4.6 5.1

Texas

497 469 560 544 576 4.1 3.8 4.5 4.3 4.5

Utah

72 74 77 71 76 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.7

Vermont

12 13 14 31 12 4.3 4.5 4.8 10.5 4.0

Virginia

150 164 150 160 175 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.5

Washington

112 124 109 144 154 3.5 3.8 3.3 4.3 4.5

West Virginia

36 33 28 40 40 5.4 4.9 4.1 5.8 5.8

Wisconsin

128 122 103 133 123 4.6 4.3 3.6 4.6 4.3

Wyoming

14 15 9 7 15 5.3 5.5 3.3 2.6 5.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

5,392 5,429 5,330 5,612 5,786 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9


Alabama

72 84 74 87 90 3.7 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.4

Alaska

20 20 15 17 19 7.0 6.6 4.9 5.6 6.2

Arizona

120 126 112 115 125 4.3 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.2

Arkansas

48 57 44 54 52 3.9 4.5 3.5 4.3 4.1

California

646 541 532 550 566 4.1 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4

Colorado

120 107 96 123 139 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.5 5.1

Connecticut

53 48 49 49 58 3.5 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.6

Delaware

17 18 18 17 20 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.8 4.4

District of Columbia

15 23 22 23 22 2.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9

Florida

340 362 325 318 353 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.7 4.0

Georgia

200 205 204 252 244 4.6 4.6 4.6 5.6 5.3

Hawaii

26 20 33 25 28 4.9 3.7 5.8 4.4 4.8

Idaho

32 34 27 32 34 4.3 4.3 3.4 4.1 4.3

Illinois

217 220 249 221 242 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.8 4.2

Indiana

121 121 120 134 132 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3

Iowa

63 60 56 61 58 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8

Kansas

53 48 48 61 59 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.4 4.3

Kentucky

57 75 89 82 83 3.1 4.0 4.8 4.4 4.5

Louisiana

72 86 83 87 77 4.0 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.2

Maine

25 25 20 26 31 4.3 4.1 3.3 4.2 5.0

Maryland

79 88 87 87 94 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.5

Massachusetts

83 112 117 111 122 2.6 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.5

Michigan

170 171 183 160 177 4.3 4.2 4.4 3.9 4.2

Minnesota

88 81 86 121 100 3.2 2.9 3.0 4.3 3.5

Mississippi

39 55 47 52 43 3.6 4.9 4.2 4.6 3.8

Missouri

107 110 101 119 116 3.9 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.1

Montana

24 21 16 21 22 5.2 4.4 3.3 4.4 4.5

Nebraska

42 42 34 41 43 4.3 4.2 3.4 4.1 4.2

Nevada

72 66 97 81 70 5.8 5.1 7.4 6.1 5.2

New Hampshire

22 25 22 28 28 3.5 3.8 3.3 4.3 4.2

New Jersey

142 144 154 163 133 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.4

New Mexico

34 37 29 35 32 4.4 4.7 3.6 4.4 4.0

New York

280 247 228 216 312 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.4 3.5

North Carolina

169 187 204 209 242 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.6 5.3

North Dakota

20 19 21 21 20 5.0 4.6 5.0 5.1 4.8

Ohio

213 197 179 230 207 4.1 3.7 3.4 4.3 3.9

Oklahoma

66 63 60 70 75 4.1 3.9 3.7 4.3 4.6

Oregon

71 71 79 74 69 4.0 3.9 4.3 4.0 3.7

Pennsylvania

182 205 165 176 196 3.3 3.6 2.9 3.1 3.4

Rhode Island

15 18 17 16 19 3.4 3.9 3.6 3.4 4.0

South Carolina

87 86 83 88 89 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.2

South Dakota

15 17 15 19 17 3.6 3.9 3.5 4.4 3.9

Tennessee

124 125 129 126 124 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0

Texas

463 463 491 491 508 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0

Utah

60 68 47 67 69 3.9 4.3 2.9 4.2 4.3

Vermont

11 12 9 11 14 4.0 4.2 3.1 3.7 4.6

Virginia

119 139 155 155 133 3.2 3.6 4.0 4.0 3.4

Washington

111 111 106 114 125 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.7

West Virginia

30 38 28 27 33 4.5 5.6 4.1 3.9 4.8

Wisconsin

123 114 100 109 111 4.4 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.8

Wyoming

13 16 12 13 13 4.9 5.8 4.4 4.8 4.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

3,182 3,383 3,630 3,870 3,977 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7


Alabama

49 57 51 61 56 2.5 2.8 2.5 3.0 2.8

Alaska

12 12 10 11 13 4.2 3.9 3.3 3.6 4.3

Arizona

68 89 85 88 93 2.4 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.1

Arkansas

32 38 30 40 38 2.6 3.0 2.4 3.2 3.0

California

351 320 383 392 425 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.6

Colorado

62 64 69 76 85 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.8 3.1

Connecticut

27 26 25 31 36 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.9 2.2

Delaware

11 12 12 12 14 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.7 3.1

District of Columbia

8 14 15 15 13 1.1 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.7

Florida

219 238 250 225 262 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.0

Georgia

122 135 133 177 166 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.9 3.6

Hawaii

16 12 24 18 18 3.0 2.2 4.3 3.2 3.1

Idaho

20 22 18 23 23 2.7 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.9

Illinois

129 116 161 167 176 2.3 2.0 2.8 2.9 3.0

Indiana

84 80 82 93 93 2.8 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.0

Iowa

39 38 38 43 41 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.7

Kansas

35 31 27 42 43 2.6 2.3 2.0 3.0 3.1

Kentucky

34 47 62 58 55 1.9 2.5 3.3 3.1 3.0

Louisiana

45 54 56 63 54 2.5 2.9 3.1 3.4 2.9

Maine

14 14 12 15 19 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.4 3.1

Maryland

52 52 58 65 68 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.6

Massachusetts

44 68 70 67 77 1.4 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.2

Michigan

111 115 124 102 126 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.5 3.0

Minnesota

61 52 56 89 69 2.2 1.9 2.0 3.1 2.4

Mississippi

22 36 31 36 29 2.0 3.2 2.8 3.2 2.6

Missouri

69 78 75 87 85 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.0

Montana

14 13 9 14 15 3.0 2.7 1.9 2.9 3.1

Nebraska

29 28 23 28 29 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.9

Nevada

40 42 72 56 41 3.2 3.3 5.5 4.2 3.1

New Hampshire

12 14 13 16 17 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.6

New Jersey

81 88 100 97 84 2.2 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.1

New Mexico

20 25 19 23 21 2.6 3.2 2.4 2.9 2.6

New York

138 124 127 152 215 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.7 2.4

North Carolina

98 118 142 142 147 2.3 2.7 3.2 3.2 3.2

North Dakota

13 11 12 13 13 3.2 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.1

Ohio

131 121 123 139 133 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.5

Oklahoma

39 43 41 46 54 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.8 3.3

Oregon

41 46 57 49 47 2.3 2.5 3.1 2.6 2.5

Pennsylvania

110 106 80 107 112 2.0 1.9 1.4 1.9 2.0

Rhode Island

8 10 8 10 11 1.8 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.3

South Carolina

51 56 60 63 63 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.9

South Dakota

10 10 9 13 11 2.4 2.3 2.1 3.0 2.5

Tennessee

71 84 88 86 80 2.4 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6

Texas

262 314 343 372 368 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.9

Utah

39 48 32 47 44 2.6 3.0 2.0 2.9 2.7

Vermont

6 7 4 7 9 2.2 2.4 1.4 2.4 3.0

Virginia

70 88 101 109 95 1.9 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.4

Washington

63 68 80 79 82 2.0 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.4

West Virginia

18 20 19 18 23 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.3

Wisconsin

80 68 73 78 80 2.9 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.8

Wyoming

8 10 7 8 8 3.0 3.7 2.6 2.9 2.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and dicharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,845 1,723 1,353 1,354 1,459 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0


Alabama

18 22 17 20 28 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.4

Alaska

7 6 3 4 6 2.4 2.0 1.0 1.3 2.0

Arizona

41 32 23 16 26 1.5 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.9

Arkansas

12 15 11 10 11 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9

California

249 194 122 128 109 1.6 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.7

Colorado

46 33 20 20 48 1.8 1.2 0.7 0.7 1.8

Connecticut

23 20 21 14 15 1.5 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.9

Delaware

6 5 5 5 5 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

District of Columbia

5 7 5 6 6 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8

Florida

98 107 55 78 74 1.2 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.8

Georgia

67 61 50 53 70 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.5

Hawaii

9 6 5 5 9 1.7 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.5

Idaho

11 10 6 6 9 1.5 1.3 0.8 0.8 1.1

Illinois

74 96 82 45 53 1.3 1.7 1.4 0.8 0.9

Indiana

31 36 32 30 29 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9

Iowa

20 18 14 12 14 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9

Kansas

16 13 18 15 12 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9

Kentucky

17 22 21 19 22 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2

Louisiana

23 26 22 17 18 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.0

Maine

10 9 7 8 8 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.3

Maryland

22 22 23 17 20 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8

Massachusetts

30 36 41 36 28 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.8

Michigan

51 50 47 45 43 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0

Minnesota

22 25 23 23 23 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8

Mississippi

14 13 14 11 11 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0

Missouri

33 26 19 24 23 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8

Montana

9 7 4 4 6 1.9 1.5 0.8 0.8 1.2

Nebraska

11 12 9 9 11 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.1

Nevada

30 21 21 18 28 2.4 1.6 1.6 1.3 2.1

New Hampshire

8 9 7 7 8 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.2

New Jersey

50 46 41 54 38 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.0

New Mexico

11 11 6 9 9 1.4 1.4 0.8 1.1 1.1

New York

118 106 90 41 82 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.9

North Carolina

60 56 54 52 85 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.9

North Dakota

6 7 7 6 5 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.2

Ohio

72 65 47 80 62 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.5 1.2

Oklahoma

22 16 15 19 16 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.0

Oregon

25 21 16 19 20 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1

Pennsylvania

63 85 68 58 66 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2

Rhode Island

6 7 7 4 6 1.3 1.5 1.5 0.8 1.3

South Carolina

27 26 17 21 20 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.9

South Dakota

5 5 4 5 4 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.9

Tennessee

43 36 34 31 36 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2

Texas

176 127 105 91 105 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8

Utah

19 17 12 14 22 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.4

Vermont

4 5 3 4 4 1.4 1.7 1.0 1.4 1.3

Virginia

40 41 47 36 29 1.1 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.7

Washington

42 35 16 26 38 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.8 1.1

West Virginia

9 16 8 7 8 1.4 2.4 1.2 1.0 1.2

Wisconsin

28 29 22 24 24 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8

Wyoming

5 5 3 4 4 1.9 1.8 1.1 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

7,201 10,425 11,664 4.9 6.6 7.4


Alabama

106 146 138 5.2 6.7 6.4

Alaska

23 34 40 7.0 9.5 11.0

Arizona

152 191 243 5.3 6.2 7.7

Arkansas

61 77 89 4.8 5.7 6.6

California

782 1,029 1,150 4.8 5.9 6.5

Colorado

121 226 260 4.4 7.6 8.6

Connecticut

63 106 109 4.0 6.2 6.4

Delaware

27 43 41 5.8 8.6 8.2

District of Columbia

40 42 49 5.2 5.4 6.1

Florida

410 560 725 4.7 6.1 7.7

Georgia

260 359 394 5.7 7.3 8.0

Hawaii

26 34 49 4.8 5.7 7.9

Idaho

41 63 71 5.2 7.3 8.2

Illinois

268 398 450 4.6 6.4 7.2

Indiana

160 237 230 5.2 7.2 7.0

Iowa

77 89 102 4.9 5.5 6.3

Kansas

71 74 92 5.1 5.1 6.3

Kentucky

107 187 180 5.6 9.0 8.9

Louisiana

100 124 145 5.4 6.3 7.3

Maine

31 46 60 4.9 6.9 8.6

Maryland

173 207 247 6.4 7.2 8.5

Massachusetts

171 223 305 5.0 6.0 7.9

Michigan

240 438 394 5.7 9.4 8.6

Minnesota

141 185 204 4.9 6.0 6.6

Mississippi

60 82 88 5.2 6.7 7.3

Missouri

153 178 208 5.3 5.9 6.8

Montana

28 42 47 5.5 7.8 8.7

Nebraska

55 55 71 5.3 5.1 6.6

Nevada

80 158 150 6.1 10.5 10.1

New Hampshire

33 61 57 5.1 8.4 7.9

New Jersey

197 283 301 5.1 6.6 7.0

New Mexico

42 54 67 5.2 6.3 7.7

New York

415 549 743 4.7 5.8 7.7

North Carolina

229 361 353 5.1 7.4 7.2

North Dakota

19 27 27 4.4 6.0 6.0

Ohio

254 338 396 4.6 5.9 6.9

Oklahoma

91 123 117 5.4 7.0 6.7

Oregon

106 146 192 5.6 7.2 9.3

Pennsylvania

282 446 476 4.9 7.2 7.7

Rhode Island

22 46 38 4.6 8.7 7.2

South Carolina

116 164 188 5.4 7.1 8.1

South Dakota

21 26 29 4.7 5.4 6.2

Tennessee

157 221 234 5.1 6.7 7.1

Texas

508 921 1,018 4.1 6.8 7.4

Utah

72 101 143 4.5 5.9 8.2

Vermont

13 22 22 4.4 7.0 7.0

Virginia

205 278 319 5.2 6.6 7.5

Washington

145 245 274 4.3 6.7 7.4

West Virginia

50 61 69 7.0 8.1 9.1

Wisconsin

181 216 245 6.1 6.9 7.8

Wyoming

15 22 24 5.1 7.2 7.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 7. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,818 7,809 7,379 4.9 5.3 5.0


Alabama

89 113 103 4.6 5.6 5.1

Alaska

24 25 28 7.9 7.8 8.5

Arizona

113 125 142 4.2 4.3 4.9

Arkansas

56 60 65 4.7 4.8 5.2

California

750 672 687 4.8 4.1 4.2

Colorado

134 171 151 5.2 6.2 5.5

Connecticut

68 88 64 4.5 5.5 4.0

Delaware

26 36 29 6.0 7.9 6.4

District of Columbia

29 23 32 4.0 3.0 4.2

Florida

308 396 433 3.7 4.6 5.0

Georgia

230 265 274 5.4 5.9 6.0

Hawaii

27 30 32 5.2 5.2 5.5

Idaho

45 51 49 6.0 6.3 6.1

Illinois

261 310 368 4.7 5.3 6.3

Indiana

147 196 166 5.0 6.4 5.5

Iowa

70 83 68 4.7 5.4 4.5

Kansas

53 74 64 4.0 5.4 4.7

Kentucky

95 152 112 5.3 8.1 6.1

Louisiana

86 103 99 4.8 5.6 5.4

Maine

34 34 32 5.7 5.4 5.0

Maryland

129 144 170 5.1 5.4 6.4

Massachusetts

158 187 168 4.8 5.3 4.7

Michigan

230 290 226 5.8 6.9 5.4

Minnesota

104 150 124 3.8 5.2 4.3

Mississippi

56 80 60 5.1 7.0 5.3

Missouri

132 163 134 4.8 5.7 4.7

Montana

29 33 31 6.1 6.8 6.3

Nebraska

42 43 45 4.3 4.2 4.5

Nevada

87 141 114 7.1 10.5 8.5

New Hampshire

32 42 37 5.1 6.3 5.6

New Jersey

258 173 197 6.9 4.3 4.9

New Mexico

35 43 44 4.6 5.3 5.4

New York

432 375 420 5.2 4.2 4.7

North Carolina

290 334 264 6.8 7.4 5.8

North Dakota

17 23 19 4.3 5.4 4.6

Ohio

234 289 235 4.5 5.4 4.4

Oklahoma

71 81 94 4.5 4.9 5.8

Oregon

111 105 118 6.2 5.6 6.3

Pennsylvania

304 244 231 5.5 4.3 4.0

Rhode Island

27 43 26 5.9 8.9 5.4

South Carolina

103 134 118 5.0 6.3 5.5

South Dakota

17 24 20 3.9 5.5 4.5

Tennessee

161 159 176 5.5 5.2 5.7

Texas

550 616 648 4.6 4.9 5.1

Utah

78 77 85 5.2 4.8 5.3

Vermont

16 36 14 6.0 12.1 4.8

Virginia

156 190 188 4.1 4.8 4.8

Washington

124 180 178 3.8 5.3 5.2

West Virginia

38 46 45 5.8 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

135 190 135 4.8 6.5 4.6

Wyoming

15 18 17 5.5 6.5 5.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

5,819 5,820 6,209 4.2 4.0 4.2


Alabama

79 91 97 4.1 4.5 4.8

Alaska

16 18 16 5.2 5.6 5.0

Arizona

144 127 148 5.3 4.4 5.1

Arkansas

59 60 64 4.9 4.7 5.1

California

709 596 642 4.6 3.6 3.9

Colorado

122 122 143 4.7 4.5 5.2

Connecticut

54 52 59 3.5 3.2 3.7

Delaware

18 15 21 4.2 3.4 4.5

District of Columbia

21 24 26 2.9 3.2 3.4

Florida

367 348 385 4.5 4.0 4.4

Georgia

218 256 264 5.1 5.7 5.8

Hawaii

30 28 34 5.7 4.8 6.0

Idaho

35 30 37 4.6 3.8 4.6

Illinois

237 218 254 4.2 3.8 4.4

Indiana

129 143 138 4.4 4.7 4.5

Iowa

65 63 60 4.4 4.1 3.9

Kansas

54 67 59 4.1 4.8 4.3

Kentucky

68 78 89 3.8 4.1 4.8

Louisiana

78 93 82 4.4 5.0 4.4

Maine

21 23 27 3.5 3.6 4.2

Maryland

88 97 105 3.5 3.6 3.9

Massachusetts

80 108 116 2.4 3.1 3.3

Michigan

181 159 186 4.6 3.8 4.5

Minnesota

86 125 98 3.2 4.3 3.4

Mississippi

47 56 48 4.4 5.0 4.3

Missouri

115 127 122 4.2 4.5 4.3

Montana

25 21 23 5.3 4.2 4.8

Nebraska

43 44 45 4.4 4.3 4.4

Nevada

76 80 75 6.2 6.0 5.6

New Hampshire

18 29 26 2.9 4.4 3.9

New Jersey

154 157 140 4.1 3.9 3.5

New Mexico

38 41 36 4.9 5.1 4.4

New York

288 232 323 3.4 2.6 3.6

North Carolina

180 215 258 4.3 4.8 5.7

North Dakota

20 21 19 4.9 5.0 4.5

Ohio

235 228 223 4.5 4.2 4.2

Oklahoma

74 73 84 4.7 4.4 5.2

Oregon

83 75 79 4.7 4.0 4.2

Pennsylvania

187 192 198 3.4 3.3 3.5

Rhode Island

14 16 18 3.1 3.4 3.6

South Carolina

99 90 102 4.9 4.2 4.8

South Dakota

14 18 15 3.3 4.0 3.5

Tennessee

146 127 143 5.0 4.1 4.7

Texas

519 518 572 4.3 4.1 4.5

Utah

61 67 71 4.1 4.2 4.4

Vermont

9 10 12 3.3 3.5 4.0

Virginia

129 168 139 3.4 4.3 3.5

Washington

116 109 132 3.6 3.2 3.9

West Virginia

36 25 39 5.4 3.6 5.7

Wisconsin

122 112 108 4.4 3.8 3.7

Wyoming

12 11 12 4.5 3.9 4.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

3,634 4,122 4,491 2.6 2.8 3.1


Alabama

58 66 65 3.0 3.2 3.2

Alaska

10 12 12 3.1 3.9 3.6

Arizona

85 93 108 3.1 3.2 3.7

Arkansas

39 44 46 3.3 3.5 3.7

California

389 434 483 2.5 2.6 2.9

Colorado

67 78 91 2.6 2.9 3.3

Connecticut

30 34 41 2.0 2.1 2.6

Delaware

12 11 15 2.7 2.4 3.2

District of Columbia

14 16 17 1.9 2.1 2.2

Florida

245 246 296 3.0 2.9 3.4

Georgia

139 185 186 3.2 4.1 4.1

Hawaii

19 19 23 3.6 3.4 3.9

Idaho

23 23 27 3.0 2.8 3.3

Illinois

149 171 196 2.7 2.9 3.4

Indiana

92 106 101 3.1 3.5 3.3

Iowa

43 44 45 2.9 2.9 2.9

Kansas

35 45 44 2.7 3.3 3.2

Kentucky

43 57 61 2.4 3.0 3.3

Louisiana

51 69 60 2.9 3.7 3.3

Maine

12 15 18 2.0 2.3 2.8

Maryland

60 70 81 2.4 2.6 3.0

Massachusetts

46 73 79 1.4 2.1 2.2

Michigan

122 100 139 3.1 2.4 3.3

Minnesota

63 92 74 2.3 3.2 2.6

Mississippi

29 41 35 2.7 3.6 3.1

Missouri

79 95 95 2.9 3.3 3.4

Montana

15 15 16 3.2 3.0 3.3

Nebraska

31 31 31 3.2 3.0 3.1

Nevada

45 57 46 3.7 4.2 3.4

New Hampshire

11 18 18 1.8 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

94 100 96 2.5 2.5 2.4

New Mexico

23 28 24 3.0 3.5 3.0

New York

153 169 231 1.8 1.9 2.6

North Carolina

111 146 167 2.6 3.2 3.7

North Dakota

13 14 14 3.3 3.3 3.3

Ohio

159 145 158 3.1 2.7 2.9

Oklahoma

47 49 65 3.0 3.0 4.0

Oregon

51 52 56 2.9 2.8 3.0

Pennsylvania

123 122 126 2.2 2.1 2.2

Rhode Island

8 10 12 1.9 2.2 2.4

South Carolina

60 65 74 2.9 3.1 3.4

South Dakota

10 13 11 2.3 2.8 2.5

Tennessee

95 88 101 3.2 2.9 3.3

Texas

309 411 431 2.6 3.2 3.4

Utah

42 49 47 2.8 3.1 2.9

Vermont

5 7 8 2.0 2.2 2.7

Virginia

82 118 109 2.2 3.0 2.8

Washington

77 77 97 2.4 2.3 2.8

West Virginia

22 18 27 3.4 2.6 4.0

Wisconsin

84 86 84 3.0 2.9 2.9

Wyoming

7 7 8 2.7 2.6 2.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Layoffs and dicharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)
July
2020
June
2021
July
2021(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,789 1,286 1,341 1.3 0.9 0.9


Alabama

16 20 26 0.8 1.0 1.3

Alaska

5 3 4 1.7 1.0 1.2

Arizona

46 21 32 1.7 0.7 1.1

Arkansas

15 11 13 1.2 0.8 1.0

California

261 129 116 1.7 0.8 0.7

Colorado

42 17 47 1.6 0.6 1.7

Connecticut

20 12 11 1.3 0.7 0.7

Delaware

6 3 5 1.3 0.8 1.1

District of Columbia

6 6 7 0.8 0.8 0.9

Florida

100 83 74 1.2 1.0 0.9

Georgia

66 48 70 1.5 1.1 1.5

Hawaii

9 6 10 1.8 1.0 1.8

Idaho

11 5 9 1.4 0.6 1.1

Illinois

73 36 42 1.3 0.6 0.7

Indiana

31 26 26 1.1 0.8 0.9

Iowa

18 13 11 1.2 0.9 0.7

Kansas

15 16 11 1.2 1.2 0.8

Kentucky

18 16 21 1.0 0.9 1.1

Louisiana

23 18 17 1.3 1.0 0.9

Maine

7 6 5 1.2 0.9 0.9

Maryland

22 20 18 0.9 0.8 0.7

Massachusetts

24 26 19 0.7 0.8 0.5

Michigan

51 43 39 1.3 1.0 0.9

Minnesota

18 23 17 0.7 0.8 0.6

Mississippi

15 10 11 1.4 0.9 1.0

Missouri

31 22 19 1.1 0.8 0.7

Montana

8 4 6 1.8 0.7 1.2

Nebraska

10 9 9 1.1 0.9 0.9

Nevada

28 17 27 2.3 1.2 2.0

New Hampshire

6 6 5 0.9 1.0 0.8

New Jersey

46 47 30 1.2 1.2 0.7

New Mexico

11 10 9 1.5 1.3 1.1

New York

107 39 75 1.3 0.4 0.8

North Carolina

59 54 81 1.4 1.2 1.8

North Dakota

5 5 4 1.2 1.2 0.9

Ohio

67 73 55 1.3 1.4 1.0

Oklahoma

22 17 15 1.4 1.1 0.9

Oregon

26 16 19 1.4 0.8 1.0

Pennsylvania

54 56 53 1.0 1.0 0.9

Rhode Island

4 4 4 1.0 0.8 0.8

South Carolina

29 19 21 1.4 0.9 1.0

South Dakota

3 4 3 0.8 0.9 0.7

Tennessee

41 28 32 1.4 0.9 1.1

Texas

183 86 108 1.5 0.7 0.9

Utah

17 11 21 1.1 0.7 1.3

Vermont

3 2 2 1.0 0.8 0.8

Virginia

39 39 23 1.0 1.0 0.6

Washington

33 23 29 1.0 0.7 0.9

West Virginia

10 5 8 1.5 0.7 1.2

Wisconsin

24 20 18 0.8 0.7 0.6

Wyoming

4 2 3 1.5 0.8 1.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: September 15, 2021